Since prehistoric times, pearls have played an essential role in people’s lives; many have been discovered in Neolithic sites across the UAE. Al Jazirah Al Hamra is the only remaining historical pearling village in the entire Gulf region; the rest were demolished with the discovery of oil. Al Jazirah Al Hamra translates from Arabic to mean Red Island.

 

Al Jazirah Al Hamra includes all of the traditional elements expected in such a neighbourhood, including a fort and watchtowers, mosque, souq and extensive courtyard houses of various designs. There is a mix of dwelling styles from small, simple houses, courtyard homes, two-story buildings to a large courtyard residence that belonged to the wealthy pearl merchant. The buildings were built in a traditional manner using local materials such as coral blocks and fossilised beach rock, mangrove tree beams, date palm trunks, roofing, matting and ropes and layers of seashells for drainage.

At the turn of the century, the village comprised some 500 houses and was occupied by the Zaab tribe. Sheikh Rajib bin Ahmed Al Zaabi, the ruler of Jazirah Al Hamra in 1820, was one of four independent signatories to the original 1820 treaty between the Trucial States and the British following the battle at Dhayah Fort in 1819.

Al Jazirah Al Hamra was once a tidal island split into two sections, the smaller northern quarter of Umm Awaimir and the southern quarter of Manakh. The Zaab tribe maintained a fleet of 25 pearling boats and tended some 500 sheep and 150 cattle until the crash of the pearl fishing industry in the 1920s.

 

Archaeologists have recorded the discovery of Al Jazirah Al Hamra’s ancient mosque with 20-domes that is pictured on an 1820s British map. Narrow alleyways connected the houses to the souq and the village mosque. Architects combined plain and ornamental archways and other time-sensitive decorative elements in elaborate plaster screens. The wind tower residence has a textbook example of the windcatcher or barjeel, a passive ventilation and cooling system. Al Jazirah Al Hamra village is on the UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Tentative List; it represents thousands of years of classic social strata architecture and town planning in the Middle East.

 

With the discovery of oil, its inhabitants left the Al Jazirah Al Hamra village between 1968 and 1971.

The open-air museum is unmanned, so precaution is advised. Many of the buildings are in ruin or in a state of disrepair. Visitors are asked not to climb on or venture into the buildings; they may be unstable. It is prohibited to remove anything from the protected site and recommended that you only visit during daylight hours for safety reasons.

Nearby Attractions

Dhayah Fort

Dhayah Fort, a castle-like spectacle, is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List and stands…

Saqr Park

The expansive Saqr Park is the community parkland in Ras Al Khaimah. It is open all…

Al Qawasim Corniche

The three-kilometre waterfront promenade is lined with luxury apartments, international restaurants, local cafes, access to…

Al Hamra Marina & Yacht Club

Al Hamra Marina and Yacht Club form the central hub of the community. The Al…

Nearby Food & Drinks

1484 by Puro

The highest restaurant in Ras Al Khaimah, if not the entire region, 1484 by Puro,…

Karma Kafe

Karma Kafé brings a seamless blend of design, cuisine, mixology, and world-class entertainment programs that…

Lexington Grill

With its theme taken from extravagant US steakhouses and the famed street in New York,…

UMI

A trendy Japanese restaurant bordered with vibrant Japanese gardens. Seemingly glowing, the metal-studded interiors complement…

Infinity Pool Bar

An ultra-casual venue for outdoor drinks and snacks, Infinity Pool Bar at The Marjan Island…

Thunder Road Pizza & Grill

Italian restaurant with American twist serves homemade mozzarella and pasta, hand tossed pizza alongside with…

Basilico

Mediterranean meets Italian in a joyous marriage of authentic flavours at Basilico, the place to…

Belgian Beer Cafe

Belgian Beer Café is an authentic bar and restaurant boasting a large variety of Belgian…

Nearby Activities

Jais Ropes Course

Jais Ropes Course is a thrilling hour-long knee-trembling experience over a two-level rope and bridge…

Suwaidi Pearls

The Suwaidi Pearls Farm was established in 2005 by prominent Emirati Abdulla Al Suwaidi, and…

Jais Sky Tour

The Jais Sky Tour has adrenaline junkies and adventurers travelling to the top of the…

Bassata Desert Village

Deep in the Ras Al Khaimah desert, you’ll find Bassata Bedouin Camp and Desert Village.…

Jais Sledder

The Jais Sledder sits comfortably on a low-slung track. You’ll reach up to 40 kilometres…

Sonara Camp Al Wadi

Following the same award-winning concept as its sister venue in Dubai, this stunning desert hideaway…

Al Sawan Camel Race Track

Camel races are a traditional heritage activity in Ras Al Khaimah. Mainly a winter pastime,…

VOX Cinemas

At VOX Cinemas, Al Hamra Mall in Ras Al Khaimah, you’ll find everything you need…

Popular Attractions

Dhayah Fort

Dhayah Fort, a castle-like spectacle, is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List and stands…

Al Jazirah Al Hamra

Al Jazirah Al Hamra includes all of the traditional elements expected in such a neighbourhood,…

Al Qawasim Corniche

The three-kilometre waterfront promenade is lined with luxury apartments, international restaurants, local cafes, access to…

Mohammed Bin Salem Mosque

​Excavations revealed the presence of an earlier mosque, dating back to the second half of…

Saqr Park

The expansive Saqr Park is the community parkland in Ras Al Khaimah. It is open all…

National Museum of Ras Al Khaimah

The National Museum of Ras Al Khaimah is located In the western part of Ras…

Flamingo Beach

Hidden by towering dunes and royal hideaways, Flamingo Beach is a favourite hangout for sun…

Jais Viewing Deck Park

If you seek peace and some space to unwind, the park spans a ridge and…

Recently Viewed

Dhayah Fort

Dhayah Fort, a castle-like spectacle, is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List and stands…

Al Jazirah Al Hamra

Al Jazirah Al Hamra includes all of the traditional elements expected in such a neighbourhood,…

Al Qawasim Corniche

The three-kilometre waterfront promenade is lined with luxury apartments, international restaurants, local cafes, access to…

Mohammed Bin Salem Mosque

​Excavations revealed the presence of an earlier mosque, dating back to the second half of…

Saqr Park

The expansive Saqr Park is the community parkland in Ras Al Khaimah. It is open all…

National Museum of Ras Al Khaimah

The National Museum of Ras Al Khaimah is located In the western part of Ras…

Flamingo Beach

Hidden by towering dunes and royal hideaways, Flamingo Beach is a favourite hangout for sun…

Jais Viewing Deck Park

If you seek peace and some space to unwind, the park spans a ridge and…

visitrasalkhaimah